St. F.X. Department of Political Science Courses

Department Regulations
Normally, all courses above the 100 level, except PSCI 241/242, require PSCI 101/2 (100) as a prerequisite. Students who wish to register in courses at the 300 level or above should have 12 credits in PSCI or permission of the instructor.

There are four areas within the discipline: Canadian Politics; Political Theory/Philosophy; Comparative Politics; and World Politics/International Relations. Students will normally concentrate in two of those areas.

Major and Joint Major Programs
See sections 4.2 and 4.3 for degree regulations. Candidates for the major degree should choose their courses in consultation with a member of the political science department, and they must have their major form approved by the department chair. Students will normally concentrate in two areas within the discipline, and have a minimum of 15 credits at the 300 level or above. Majors are encouraged to include PSCI 399 and/or a fourth year seminar in their course pattern.

Advanced Major Program
See section 4.4 for degree regulations. Candidates for a degree with advanced major in political science must choose their courses in consultation with the chair or with a supervisor assigned to them by the department. All students will take PSCI 100, 399 and at least two three-credit seminars and a senior research paper as part of their program. Students will normally concentrate in two areas within the discipline, and have at least 15 credits at the 300 level or above, including PSCI 399 and two three-credit seminars. Joint advanced major candidates must complete all of the above requirements, including the senior paper if political science is the primary subject (major 1).

Honours Program
See section 4.6 for degree regulations. Candidates for the degree with honours in political science require credit for PSCI 100, 399, a minimum of 6 credits from the following: 201, 202, 211, 212, 221, 222, 241, 242,, 250, and two three-credit seminars, a thesis (490) and 27 other credits in PSCI. Non-Canadian students may, with permission of the department, substitute another 6 credits for 221/222 or 241/242. Students will normally have at least 24 credits at the 300 level or above, including PSCI 399, 490 and and two 3-credit seminars.

Honours with a Subsidiary Subject
See section 4.6.1 for program requirements. Note: Not all courses are offered every year. Most 300-level courses are offered in alternate years. To confirm course offerings students should check the timetable prior to registration.


[AR] Indicates Designated Course in Aquatic Resources
[DEVS] Indicates Designated Courses in Development Studies

100 Level Courses

101 Introduction to Power & Politics
This course provides a basic introduction to the study of politics by exploring key concepts, ideas and debates that are important for understanding political life. Topics covered include the nature of politics, varieties and dimensions of political power, political authority and the state. Students will be introducted to both traditional and contemporary political ideologies. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 101 or PSCI 100. Three credits.

102 Introduction to Comparative and Global Politics
International relations and national politics shape political life today. This course examines various forms of government and compares political systems and processes, electoral systems, and public policies. It introduces students to the international state system and relations among states, covering topics such as co-operation and conflict, alliances and international organizations, war and peace, the global economy and contemporary global issues. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 102 or PSCI 100. Three credits.

200 Level Courses

201 Ancient & Medieval Political Thought
A critical textual analysis of ancient and medieval thinkers such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas and Augustine, with emphasis on their political thought. This course will stress the continuing relevance of these thinkers to current politics and the search for the just society. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 200 or PSCI 201. Three credits.

202 Modern Political Thought
A critical textual analysis of modern thinkers such as Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Mill, and Marx, with emphasis on their political thought. This course will stress the continuing relevance of these thinkers to current politics and the search for the just society. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 200 or PSCI 202. Three credits.

211 Comparative Politics I [DEVS]
The course provides an introduction to comparative and/or regional politics as a field of study, and prepares students for upper level courses in this field. It will present the basic methodological and theoretical tools in the field and take a close look at three countries whose history, political institutions, polical culture, political processes and political outcomes are similar or closely related to Canada's. Great Britian, France and the United States. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 211 or 210. Three credits.

212 Comparative Politics II [DEVS]
This course provides an introduction to comparative politics and/or regional politics as a field of study, and prepares students for upper level courses in the field. It examines the evolution and diversity of governments in countries whose history, political institutions political culture, political processes, and political outcomes differ from Canada's. These countries may include Russia, China, Brazil, Japan, Iran, India or Nigeria, among others. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 212 and 210. Prerequisite: PSCI 211 recommended. Three credits.

215 Compatative Politics in Latin America [DEVS]
This course offers a comparative analysis of Latin-American governments. It focuses on political institutions and governance in countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela. It also examines political forces, interest groups and social movements in the region. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 215 and 390. Three credits.

221 Canadian Politics I
This course covers the key political structures and institutions of the Canadian sate (The Constitution, the political executive, parliament, federalism and intergovernmental relations, the public service and the courts) which constrain, shape and give impetus to Canadian politics, governance and decision-making. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 221 and 220. Three credits.

222 Canadian Politics II
This course will cover the cultural and regional how citizens interact with the Canadian state. Topics covered include political parties, elections, advocacy groups, and other forms of political participation, the role of the media, and the implications for the political process of key social divisions such as gender, language, and race. Language politics, multicultural groups, the women's movement and aboriginal peoples will receive attention. The course concludes with a discussion of Canada's place in the world. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 222 and 220. Three credits.

231 United States Politics
This course introduces U.S. government with a focus on historical development of American political institutions. It examines the U.S. federal system and constitutional development, as well as executive, legislative, and judicial powers with particular attention to the founding and its enduring legacy in American political culture. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 231 or PSCI 230. Three credits.

241 Political Power & Business in Canada [AR] [DEVS]
The course examines the historical roots and the current contours of the business-government relationship. While the focus is on Canada, conditions in other advanced capitalist states are also considered. Topics include the mechanisms of business power, the micro-politics of industries and case studies of corporate-state relations. Credit will be grantef for only one fo PSCI 240 or PSCI 241. Three credits.

242 The Politics of Economic Policy in Canada
The course explores contemporary state policies relating to markets and business. A particular focus will be decision-making patterns and policy outcomes. Among the policy fields to be considered are fiscal policy, monetary policy, trade policy, industry regulations, state enterprise and privatization, industry regulation and deregulation, taxation and competition policy. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 240 or PSCI 242. Three credits.

247 Environmental Social Sciences I: Problems and Paradigms [DEVS]
This course introduces students to the major environmental challenges of the 21st century from a social science perspective. Modern societies that have sought to conquer natural limits have now conjured up unanticipated "environmental" consequences. Students will explore how human understandings of environmental "problems" as well as action towards environmental solutions are shaped by ways of thinking, social contexts and institutional power relations. Cross-listed as SOCI 247. Three credits.

248 Environmental Social Sciences I: Power and Change [DEVS]
As a continuation of PSCI 247, this course addresses the same conceptual problems but focuses more on understanding the societal and political response to environmental issues. Students will critically examine both proposed ecological futures, as well as means of environmental problem solving and societal change: state policy, intergovernmental treaties, environmental movements, and market solutions. Cross-listed as SOCI 248. Prerequisite: SOCI 247 or PSCI 247. Three credits.

251 International Relations I [AR] [DEVS]
As an introducton to international relations as a field of study, this course provides a comprehensive survey of a wide range of contending conceptual and theoretical approaches to the study of global politics and the historical development of the international system, so as to equip the students with a set of analytical and interpretive tools to make sense of global politics and prepare them for more advanced courses in International Relations. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 251 and PSCI 250. Prerequisite: PSCI 101/102 or 100. Three credits.

252 International Relations II
This course introduces students to the two primary subfields of international relations, security studies and international political economy, as well as examining a set of contemporary problems and issues in global politics. Among the topics examined are: international security, war, nuclear deterrence and proliferation, humanitarian intervention, terrorism, economic globalization and its consequences, the problem of poverty and development for the global South, planetary environmental challenges, new transnational actors, regionalism and supranationalism, and global governance. Credit will be be granted for only one of PSCI 252 and PSCI 250. Prerequisite: PSCI 251. Three credits.

291 Violence, Conflict and Politics [DEVS]
A introduction to the comparative study of types of collective political violence; war, terrorism, ethnic or identity-based conflicts, coup d'état, revolution, civil war, and genocide. Specific case studies are examined along with the main theoretical approaches in the field. Three credits.

292 Selected Topics
This course introduces current topics and problems in political science. Course content may change yearly, depending on faculty availability. Students should consult the department chair for the current topic. Three credits.

295 Religion and Politics
An examination of the impact of religion on politics and politics on religion. Students will consider the relationship between religion and politics in the Middle East, Northern Ireland, India and Pakistan, Eastern Europe and North America. Case studies will demonstrate interactions between the state and Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism, as well as the influence of religion on citizenship, education, the party system, and social issues. Cross-listed as RELS 295. Three credits.

300 Level Courses

301 Liberalism and Its Critics
A critical study of the liberal political theory, its basic concepts and its limitations in a multicultural age. Theorists considered: John Stuart Mill, John Rawls, Joseph Raz, Charles Taylor, John Gray and Wendy Brown. Prerequisite: PSCI 200 or 201/202 recommended. Three credits.

302 Marx and the Marxists
A study of the socialist and/or communist critique of industrial capitalism, encompassing ethical, historical, economic, and revolutionary perspectives. The course examines the works of Karl Marx, and their adoption by revolutionaries and critics of liberalism. Prerequisite: PSCI 200 or 201/202 recommended. Three credits.

303 Contemporary Political Arguments
Critical study of the principal cultural/ethical issues in current liberal politics. Main themes: war, mass murder, torture, evil, feminism, racism and secularism. Thinkers considered in this context: Arendt, Kant, Freud, Susan Sontag, Kelly Oliver, Michael Walzer among others. Prerequiste: PSCI 200 or 201/202 recommended. Three credits.

311 The European Union
The course examines European integration since World War II, with emphasis on the European Community (EC) and European Union (EU), their institutions and policy processes, and the consequences of European unity for the political process in European societies. Prerequisite: PSCI 210 or 211/212 recommended. Three credits.

312 Art and Politics
This course introduces students to what modern artists have to say about politics and what governments do and say about art. It provides some of the historical and theoretical tools needed to analyze the political role of art in our time. Students will examine literary works, painting, music, and architecture, and discuss specific policies on art. Cross-listed as ART 312. Three credits.

313 West European Politics
This course surveys governmental institutions and political processes in major Western European states like the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, and Sweden. Among these cases we will compare systematically general historical patterns of social, economic, and religious conflict; structures of citizen representation in interest groups and political parties; electoral systems; constitutional relationships between executive, legislature, and judiciary; outlines of economic and foreign policies; and current problems of national identity. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 313 or PSCI 310. Three credits.

314 Topics in European Politics
This course examines themes and issues relevant to European politics and societies, ranging from political institutional arrangements, state-society relations, and the role of civil society and social capital to public policy, immigration, church-state relations, security, the EU Eastern enlargement, and the EU Neighbourhood Policy. By examining different European countries, Europe as a whole and the European Union, students are encouraged to develop their own project to understand politics in that part of the world. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 314 or PSCI 310. Three credits.

315 Democratization Around the World [DEVS]
This course investigates the problems facing countries from different parts of the world that have sought to move from non-democratic political systems to democracy. Students will learn the social, cultural and economic conditions necessary for the process of democratization; analyze the institutional structures and constitutional designs most conducive to the transition from authoritarianism to democracy; and consider the consequences of democratization for development. Prerequisite: PSCI 211 or 212 recommended. Three credits.

316 Dictatorships
This course introduces students to the nature and varieties of dictatorships in our time by examining their causes of emergence, what sustains them, and why they (sometimes) fall. This comparative politics course covers cases of dictatorial rule in countries such as China, Cuba, Egypt, North Korea, Russia, and Rwanda. Students will examine the political institutions and the public policies (e.g. economic, cultural, human rights) of dictatorships. Three credits.

321 Federalism [AR]
This course examines the theory and practice of federalism, with a focus on Canadian federalism. Topics include theories of federalism, comparative federal systems, inter-governmental relations, fiscal arrangements, federal-provincial diplomacy and constitutional reform. Prerequisite: PSCI 220 or 221 and 222 or 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

322 Atlantic Canada [AR] [DEVS]
A course on modern government and politics in the four Atlantic provinces. Regional development and dependence are the themes within which students will explore federal-provincial relations, fiscal and administrative changes, development policies, political culture, and party systems. Prerequisite: PSCI 220 or 221 and 222 or 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

323 Parties and Elections
This course is concerned with parties and elections in Canada. Topics include party and electoral systems, intra-party politics and political personnel, party financing, representation and policy development, the political marketing, campaign and voting behaviour. Prerequisite: PSCI 221; PSCI 222 recommended. Three credits.

324 Provincial Politics
The comparative study of the differing political cultures, institutions, behavior and public policies of the Canadian provinces. Students will seek explanations for the similarities and differences in the social and economic structures and political histories of the provinces. Prerequisite: PSCI 220 or 221 and 222 or 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

325 Indigenous Politics
An introductory course to indigenous politics and governance, this course will cover the history of Aboriginal-Crown relations, the political mobilization of Aboriginal Peoples and the constitutional entrenchment of their rights, key court decisions and political struggles, and the governance challenges of the contemporary era. Topics to be covered include the treaty process, the Indian Act, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal perspectives, citizenship and sovereignty, land claims and modern treaties, and forms of self-government. Cross-listed as DEVS 325. Prerequisite: PSCI 101/102(100); 221 and 222 recommended. Three credits.

331 Comparative Nationalism
An analysis of the historical origins of nationalism and of its central concepts and justifications. Both western and non-western nationalism (focusing on four or five cases) will be examined in a comparative context. Evidence for the recent decline of the nation state will be explored. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 331 and PSCI 330. Prerequisite: PSCI 210, 211 & 212 or 250 recommended. Three credits.

335 Human Rights and International Justice [DEVS]
Human rights and international justice are important components of politics. This course examines the theoretical and practical concerns shaping the study and promotion of human rights today. Using a variety of material and case studies, we examine the debate over whether rights are universal; the institutions and organizations enforcing human rights; and the role states play in protecting human rights. A strong component of this class are state responses to massive human rights violations. Prerequisite: PSCI 210, 211, 212 or 250 recommended. Three credits.

341 Canadian Public Administration [AR]
The focus of this course is Canadian public administration. Topics include: organizational theory applied to the public sector, the origins and social function of bureaucratic institutions in Canada, cabinet organization, federal-provincial administrative relations, budgeting, and human resource management. Prerequisite: PSCI 220, 221, 222 or 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

342 Canadian Public Policy [AR]
An examination of contemporary public policy issues in Canada, including economic, social and ptjer policy fields (e.g. environment, security adn culture). Emphasis will be on policy analysis and decision-making process. Prerequisite: PSCI 220 or 221, 222, 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

343 Law and Politics [AR]
The course explores the role of the courts in politics, particularly in Canada. Possible topics include: recent constitutional developments, the impact of the Charter of Rights, the judicialization of politics, philosophy of law, and strategic litigation. Prerequisite: PSCI 220 or 221, 222, 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

344 Citizenship and Identity
This course examines various aspect of Canadian citizenship and identity. Topics include citizenship theory, the evolution of the Canadian citizenship regime, processes of citizenization, majority and minority nationalism, Aboriginal citizenship and multiculturalism. Prerequisite: PSCI 220, 221, 222, 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

345 Women and Politics
An introduction to the study of women and politics. This course has three parts: feminist political thought and the women’s movement; political participation and representation; and public policy. Topics include feminist political thought in the Western political tradition, the evolution and politics of the women’s movement, political parties and legislatures, women and work, and women and the welfare state. Cross-listed as WMNS 345. Three credits.

346 The Politics of Resource Management [AR] [DEVS]
This course examines the power relations arising from attempts to exploit and manage natural resources. The commodities in question range from wildlife and fish to agriculture, forests and minerals. Topics include: preservation and conservation strategies, crown rights and systems, co-management regimes, environmental assessment techniques, commodity marketing schemes and sustainable development policies. Three credits.

347 Politics of the Environment [DEVS]
Environmental factors have increasingly become important components of political decisions. This class examines how environmental issues arise and the different ways they are framed, argued, and dealt with politically in that context. It will also explore the theoretical assumptions, questions and ethical frameworks that have been developed to guide and analyze environmental policy-making. Prerequisite: PSCI 247and/or 248. Three credits.

351 Canadian Foreign Policy [AR]
This course is designed as a general historical survey of Canadian external interests, external policy-making processes, and contemporary themes and issues. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 recommended. Three credits.

352 American Foreign Policy
This course examines the major foreign policy interests in the United States from the late 19th century to the present. Emphasis is placed on the ideologies and personalities of key decision-makers, the effect of the domestic socio-economic structure on policy decisions, and America’s position in the international system. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 recommended. Three credits.

353 International Organizations [DEVS]
A study of the development and role of international organizations in world politics. Topics include: the history and evolution of the United Nations, the effects of international law on state behavior, and the extent to which international cooperation has been effective in resolving global problems. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 recommended. Three credits.

354 International Political Economy
This course examines the politics of international economic relations: international trade, the international monetary system, multinational corporations and international development. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 recommended. Crosslisted DEVS 354. Three credits.

355 Global Issues
This course examines the state’s supremacy and its capacity to manage such global issues as: transnational flows of goods, services, money, and ideas; the continuing problem of poverty in the developing world; the phenomenon of failed states in the post-Cold War period; global environmental issues; international concerns with human rights; weapons proliferation; terrorism and other forms of transnational crime; and the rise of transnational social activist groups. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 recommended. Crosslisted DEVS 354. Three credits.

356 War and Peace in the Middle East
The first part of this course will survey the major explanations of war and conflict among states and within states. The second part will apply these theories to conflict in the past half century in the Middle East, including the Arab0Israeli wars, the Yemen and Lebanon civil wars, the Iran-Iraq and Iraq-Kuwait wars, and the two Palestinian Intifadas. Finally the prospects for conflict resolution will be discussed. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 recommended. Three credits.

357 Model United Nations
Introduction to the structures, activities, and operations of the UN, the protocols and procedures of UN deliberations, and contemporary international issues and agenda faced by the UN and its member states. The course is built around student preparation for and participation in, simulated UN deliberations at the four-day annual Harvard National Model UN Conference in Boston scheduled for February. Conference attendance is mandatory; there are additional travel-related costs, and fund raising is required. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 357 or PSCI 392 offered in 2014-15, 2016-17. Prerequisite: PSCI 101/102(100); 251/252(250) recommended. Three credits.

362 Contemporary China [DEVS]
This course examines the domestic politics and foreign policy of a dynamic, rising power. From the birth in 1949, the People's Republic of China will be examined with emphasis on the changing roles of the Communist Party, the central bureaucracy and local governments, the military, the emerging business class, and overseas Chinese community. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 recommended. Three credits.

363 Politics in East Asia [DEVS]
An examination of politics in and among major regional actors in East Asia. Topics include the historical context of politics in the region since the late 19th century, the political economy of East Asian industrialization, economic regionalism, and regional security. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 recommended. Three credits.

371 Political Economy of Development
Countries in the developing world face a distinct set of political challenges, particularly as they relate to fostering economic growth and providing effective public services. This course will explore the political determinants of deveopment as well as the effect of economic conditions on political outcomes. Key issues include the origins of state weakness, the relationship between political institutions and economic growth, the causes of corruption, and the effect of diversity on governance outcomes. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 371 and PSCI 370. Crosslisted as DEVS 371. Prerequisite: PSCI 101/102 or DEVS 201/202; PSCI 211 and 212 recommended. Three credits.

372 Iran and the Muslim World [DEVS]
A critical study of Iranian politics since the 1979 Revolution with particular focus on the role of Shiite Islam and Iranian culture in shaping the Iranian state, its internal dynamics, and its political influence in Lebanon and Iraq. This course will also consider Iranian relations with the West and Israel. Students will be introduced to the basic tenets of Islam. Prerequisite: PSCI 210, 211 or 212 recommended. Three credits.

373 Irish Politics and Society
This course emphasizes the major factors that contributed to the making of modern Ireland. The topics to be covered include: the role of the Great Famine in altering both the social structure of Ireland and claims to Irish identity, the Irish diaspora and Irish emigrants to Atlantic Canada, social and political changes in the Republic of Ireland from independence to the 'Celtic Tiger' phenomenon and continuity and change in the conflict in Northern Ireland. Cross-listed as SOCI 373. Three credits.

379 African Politics
This course provides an introduction to politics in Africa. Topics include: colonial and Cold War legacies; state formation, democratization and identity politics; political economy of African development; environmental issues; poverty reduction and the politics of development assistance; conflict, political violence and fragility; humanitarian intervention and post-conflict peace-building; regional organizations; BRICS and Africa; and African foreign policies. Case studies from various regions in the continent will be discussed. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 379 and PSCI 380. Prerequisite: PSCI 101/102; PSCI 211 and 212 recommended. Three credits.

391 Democratization and Development in Latin America [DEVS]
This course examines issues related to the challenges of development and democracy in the region. It provides historical background as well as discussions of theoretical approaches and specific public policies. Credit will be granted for only one of PSCI 391 and PSCI 390. Prerequisites: PSCI 211, 212 or 215 recommended. Three credits.

392 Selected Topics in Political Science
This course introduces current topics and problems in political science. Course content may change yearly, depending on faculty availability. Students should consult the department chair for the current topics. Three credits.

395 Mexican Politics [DEVS]
This course looks at Mexico’s distinct political tradition. It presents and discusses Mexico’s main political actors (political parties, groups, social movements) and institutions (democratic, republican, federal, presidential), and examines the political challenges of democratization and liberalization. Prerequisite:PSCI 215 recommended. Three credits.

399 Research Methods and Statistics
Covers research methods and controversies in the field of political science today. Students learn to use statistics and computers in political science research, broadening their employment opportunities and introducing them to post-graduate research methods. Mathematical or computer skills not required. Three credits.

400 Level Courses

401 Political Theory I (Seminar)
This seminar will involve an advanced, in-depth analysis of selected concepts, problems, themes and controversies in Western classical, medieval and early modern political theory, and their current relevance to the discipline of political science and politics. Prerequisite: PSCI 200, 201 or 202 recommended. Three credits.

402 Political Theory II (Seminar)
This seminar will critically analyze selcted themes, issues and controversies in contemporary political theory as well consider non-western political thought and its relevance to Western political science and politics. Prerequisite: PSCI 200, 201 or 202 recommended. Three credits.

421 Canadian Politics I (Seminar)
This seminar will consider theoretical perspectives on Canadian politics and the Canadian state, followed by an examination of Canadian political institutions and their settings. Prerequisite: PSCI 220, 221 & 222, 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

422 Canadian Politics II (Seminar)
This seminar deals with social power in Canada and the politics of identity and rights, as well as various issues and policy problems stemming from globalization and Canada's relations with the United States. Prerequisite: PSCI 220, 221 & 222, 240 or 241 recommended. Three credits.

442 Advanced Public Policy (Seminar)
This seminar explores the analysis and evaluation of public policy, with applications to policy issues in different political systems. Policy sectors may include the environment, fiscal policy, health, energy and natural resources. Prerequisite: PSCI 342 recommended. Three credits.

451 International Relations (Seminar)
This seminar seeks to introduce the student to the advanced theories and great works of International Relations. Prerequisite: PSCI 250 or permisson of instructor. Three credits.

452 Comparative Politics (Seminar)
This seminar discusses major issues in comparative politics and examines the advanced theories, methods, and concepts in the field. Prerequisite: PSCI 210, 211 or 212 recommended. Three credits.

490 Thesis Six credits.

499 Directed Study See section 3.5