Dr. Elizabeth McGibbon

Dr. Elizabeth McGibbon

Professor (on sabbatical)
C271
Camden Hall
(902) 867-5889

Dr. Elizabeth McGibbon is a critical health social scientist. Her focus is on how public policy created oppression “gets under the skin” to deepen disadvantage and create intergenerational health damage.  She draws on political economy of health perspectives and related complexity science applications in health. Her current work uses these ideas to build a theoretical foundation for analyzing synergies among the structural determinants of health (e.g., social murder, slow violence), the ecological determinants of health (e.g., pollution, ecotoxicity, resource, and ozone layer depletion, species extinction, biodiversity loss) and the social determinants of health. She is one of three leads in establishing the National Collaborating Center, Determinants of Health (Public Health Agency of Canada).  Books include Anti-racist Health Care Practice (with Dr. Josephine Etowa) and Oppression: A Social Determinant of Health, 2ed in press. She published the first Canadian books to address anti-racism specifically in health care practice (McGibbon & Etowa, 2009) and oppression as a social determinant of health (2nd Edition, Spring 2021). She is an invited author in seven multiple edition Canadian books about critical social science applications and health, and the first book to address complexity science applications in the criminal justice system (Pycroft & Bartollas, Eds., UK, 2014). Along with social justice colleagues, her awards include recognition from The Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission (anti-racism community action), and the Canadian Armed Forces (refugee humanitarian work).

We live and work in Mi’kma’ki, the ancestral
and unceded territory of the Mi’kmaq People

 

Courses

I have taught over 80 undergraduate and graduate courses, including: Leadership in Health, Public Policy and Health, Health Promotion and Learning, Community Mental Health, Social Justice and Health, Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods, Critical Research Literacy in Education, Issues and Trends in Health Care, Advanced Major Self Directed Studies, Honors and Master’s Thesis Supervision, and Doctoral Dissertation Supervision, Violence and Health Immersion Workshops.

Sample course descriptions:

Social Justice and Health (Cross listed with Women’s and Gender Studies, Development Studies, Bachelor of Arts and Science in Health)

The goals of this course are to foster the development of a critical understanding of: 1) the concept of social justice and how it relates to human, ecosystem and planetary health; 2) the political economy of health inequities within nations and globally, and how inequities are articulated to ecosystem, human and planetary health and the public policies that support injustice; 3) the challenge of designing strategic practice and policy action for implementing social justice principles; and 4) Strategies for enacting social change to tackle health and social inequities. Learning strategies include group collaboration, case studies, debates, and in-class opportunities to explore selected social justice concerns. Many of the topics could be a whole course in themselves. My intent is to introduce the core ideas to support enacting social justice in our everyday lives and in our communities. As such, the topics are presented in a logical and interconnected way, based on feedback from previous students and my own experience in teaching the course and working for justice.

Research Methods

The focus of this course is an introduction to the applied health research process and how this process applies to the design, implementation and evaluation of research studies. Selected qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches are explored, with an emphasis on generating research problems and questions from the everyday world in health fields as well as the social sciences and humanities. Focus areas include: the language and culture of research; the social, economic and political contexts within which research is designed and conducted; research design, implementation, analysis, and interpretation; and evidence-informed practice.

Policy for Health: Interdisciplinary Strategies

This senior seminar style course is an introduction to public policy change for health equity. The course goal is to develop a foundational understanding of healthy public policy development, analysis, and change from an interdisciplinary perspective. Core social issues and concerns are analyzed through a public policy and intersectionality lens, including critical perspectives on the social determinants of health, health equity and interdisciplinary/cross-sectoral and citizen-led policy action. This course provides specific tools and strategies to analyze and critique public policy and its capacity to intervene in key policy intervention areas such as food insecurity, household poverty, racism, sexism, and truth and reconciliation.

Recent publications

PUBLICATIONS

BOOKS                                 

  1. McGibbon, E. (Ed. Spring 2021, In Press). Oppression: A social determinant of health. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing (2nd Ed.).
  2. McGibbon, E. & Etowa, J. (2009). Anti-racist health care practice. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press.
  3. E. & Etowa, J. (2009). Anti-racist health care practice. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press.

 

BOOK CHAPTERS

  1. McGibbon, E., Bailey, A. & Lukeman, S. (2020). Violence and health: Contexts of power and social inequities. In. J. Etowa & Van Daalen-Smith, C. (Eds.). Community Health Nursing: Contemporary Health and Social Imperatives. New York: Pearson.
  2. McGibbon, E. & Mbugua, J.  (2020). Culture, racism and health. In. J. Etowa & Van Daalen-Smith, C. (Eds.). Community Health Nursing: Contemporary Health and Social Imperatives. New York: Pearson.
  3. McGibbon, E. & Mbugua, J. (2018). Race and racialization in health, health care, and nursing education. In M. McIntyre & C. McDonald (Eds.). Realities of Canadian Nursing. 5th Ed. New York: Wolters Kluwer Health.
  4. McGibbon, E. (2017). Embodied oppression: The social determinants of health. In Antony W. & Antony, J. (Eds.). Power and Resistance: Critical Thinking about Canadian Social Issues. 6th Ed. Toronto: Brunswick Books.
  5. McGibbon, E. (2016). Oppressions and access to health care: Deepening the conversation. In D. Raphael (Ed.). The Social determinants of health, 4th Ed. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press.
  6. McPherson, C. & McGibbon, E. (2014). Intersecting contexts of oppression within complex public systems. In A Pycroft & E. Bartollas (Eds.). Applying complexity theory: A whole systems approaches to criminal justice and social work, (159-180).
  7. McGibbon, E. (2012) Introduction to oppression as a social determinant of health. In E. McGibbon (Ed.). Oppression: A social determinant of health. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing, (16-27).
  8. McGibbon, E. (2012). People under threat: Health outcomes and oppression. In E. McGibbon (Ed.). Oppression: A social determinant of health. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing, (32-44). 
  9. McGibbon, E. & Shebib, M. (2012). Health as human right: Challenges and supports for accountability. In E. McGibbon (Ed.). Oppression: A social determinant of health. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing. (186-204).
  10. Etowa, J. & McGibbon. E. (2012). Racism as a determinant of health. In E. McGibbon (Ed.). Oppression: A social determinant of health. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing. (73-87).
  11. McGibbon, E. (2012). Oppression and mental health: Pathologizing the outcomes of injustice. In E. McGibbon (Ed.). Oppression: A social determinant of health. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing. (123-137).
  12. McGibbon, E. & Hallstrom, L. (2012). Oppression and the political economy of health inequities In E. McGibbon (Ed.). Oppression: A social determinant of health. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing. (167-185).
  13. McGibbon, E. (2009). Health and health care: A human rights perspective. In D. Raphael (Ed.) The social determinants of health. 2nd Ed. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press, (319-339).
  14.  McGibbon, E. (2000). Social class, gender, and race: The situated knowledge of helpers. In Identities of Difference, Carl James, (Ed.). Halifax: Fernwood Publishing, (156-187)

PAPERS IN REFEREED JOURNALS (2006-Present)

  1. Schultz, A.S.H., Dahl, L., McGibbon, E. et al. (2020). Differences in coronary artery disease complexity and associations with mortality and hospital admissions among First Nations and non–First Nations patients undergoing angiography: a comparative retrospective matched cohort study. Canadian Medical Association Journal, In Press.
  2. McGibbon, E. (2019). Truth and reconciliation: Health care organizational leadership. Healthcare Management Forum, 32(1), 20-24.
  3. McGibbon, E. & Lukeman, S. (2019). Critical social justice: The moral imperative for critical perspectives in nursing. Witness: The Canadian Journal of Critical Nursing Discourse, 1(1), 3-12). (Inaugural issue, Invited manuscript).
  4. Dahl, L., Schultz, A.S.H., McGibbon, E., Brownlie, R.J., Cook, C., Elbarouni, B., Katz, A., Nguyen, T., Sawatzky, J., Sinclaire, M., Throndson, K., Prior, H., Fransoo, R. (2019). Cardiovascular medication use and long-term outcomes between First Nations and non-First Nations patients following angiography: a retrospective cohort study. Journal of the American Heart Association Aug 20;8(16):e012040. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.119.012040.
  5. Schultz, A.S.H., Dahl, L., McGibbon, E., Brownlie, R.J., Cook, C., Elbarouni, B., Katz, A., Nguyen, T., Sawatzky, J., Sinclaire, M., Throndson, K., Fransoo, R. (2018). Health outcome and follow-up care differences between First Nation’s and non-First Nation’s coronary angiogram patients: A retrospective cohort study. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 34, 1333-1340.
  6. Schultz, A.S.H., Dahl, L., McGibbon, E., Brownlie, R.J., Cook, C., Elbarouni, B., Katz, A., Nguyen, T., Sawatzky, J., Sinclaire, M., Throndson, K., & Fransoo, R. (2018). Index coronary angiogram utilization in Manitoba, Canada: A population-level descriptive analysis of First Nations and non-Frist Nations recipients British Medical Journal Open, Mar 25, 8(3), e020856. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020856
  7. Schultz, A. Dahl, L. & McGibbon, E. et al. (2018). Health outcome and follow-up care differences between First Nation and non-First Nation coronary angiogram patients: A retrospective cohort study. Canadian Journal of Cardiology.
  8. McGibbon, E. (2018). Truth and reconciliation: Organizational leadership in health care. Healthcare Management Forum, 32(1), 20-24
  9. McGibbon, E. (2018). Decolonizing health care: Reconciliation roles and responsibilities for white settlers. Women’s Health and Urban Life, 13(2).
  10. Schultz, A. Dahl, L. & McGibbon, E. et al. (2018). Index coronary angiography utilization in Manitoba, Canada: A population-level descriptive analysis of First Nation and Non-First Nation recipients. British Medical Journal Open.
  11. McGibbon, E. (2016). Access to emergency care; Spotlight on a social determinants of health intersectionality lens. British Medical Journal Open, Published online, February 3, 2016. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/1/e010274.responses#access-to-emergency...
  12. Jackson, J, McGibbon, E. & Waldren, I. (2013). Racism and cardiovascular disease: Implications for nursing science. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 23(4), 12-18.
  13. McGibbon, E. & McPherson, C. (2013). Stress, oppression, and women’s mental health: A discussion of the health consequences of injustice. Women’s Health and Urban Life: An International Journal
  14. McGibbon, E., Waldren, I. & Jackson, J.  (2013). Social determinants of cardiovascular health: Time for a focus on racism. Invited Guest Editorial. Diversity and Equality in Health and Care: An International Journal,10(139-42),
  15. McGibbon, E., Malaudzi, M., Didham, P., Barton, A., & Sochan, A. (2013). Towards decolonizing nursing: The colonization of nursing and strategies to increase the counter-narrative. Nursing Inquiry, 21(3), 179-191.
  16. Cohen, B., Schultz, A., McGibbon, E., VanderPlaat, M., Germann, C., Beanlands, et al. (2013). 

Conceptual framework of organizational capacity for Public Health equity action. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 104(3), e262-e266.

  1. Bassett, R. & McGibbon, E. (2012). A critical participatory and collaborative method for scoping the Literature: Participatory approaches to scoping reviews. Quality and Quantity: An International Journal. April, 26, 2012, 
  2. McGibbon, E. & McPherson, C. (2011). Applying intersectionality theory and complexity theory to address the social determinants of women’s health. Women’s Health and Urban Life: An International Journal, (10)1, 59-86. University of Toronto Press.
  3. McGibbon, E. (2011). Political economy of maternal and newborn mortality. British Medical Journal Open, Page 343. DOI: d4044doi: 10.1136.
  4. McGibbon, E. & Peter, E. (2010). A reformulation of the nature of stress in nursing: An institutional ethnography. Qualitative Health Research, 20(10), 1353-1378.
  5. McPherson, C., & McGibbon, E. (2010). Addressing the determinants of child mental health: Intersectionality as a guide to primary health care renewal. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 42(3), 50-64.
  6. McPherson, C. & McGibbon, E. (2010).  Rural interprofessional primary health care team development and sustainability: Establishing a research agenda. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 11(4), 301-314. 
  7. McGibbon, E, Etowa, J. & McPherson, C. (2008). Health care access as a social determinant of health. Canadian Nurse Journal, 104(7), 22-29. 
  8. McGibbon, E. & Peter, E. (2008). Everyday caring for the living, the dying, and the dead: Towards a biomedical technography. International Journal of Qualitative Inquiry (14)7, 1134-1156.
  9. McGibbon, E. (2008). Health care top-up fees, privatization, and market driven health care. British Medical Journal, 335(7653), 1105-1106.
  10. McGibbon, E., McPherson, C., & Etowa, J. (2007).  The social determinants of health: Bringing advocacy to a health and public policy level. Nursing in Focus, 8(2), 17-19.
  11. McGibbon, E. & McPherson, C. (2006). Interpretive pedagogy in action:  Design and delivery of a violence and health workshop for baccalaureate nursing students. Journal of Nursing Education, 45(2), 81-85.