400 Level

407 - Integrated Resource Management 
An introduction to integrated resource management planning and land-use decision-making in an industrial landscape, using the principles of landscape ecology, ecosystem management and conservation biology. Lectures examine the challenges of biodiversity conservation, and wildlife and water management using these methods within the context of forest management. Guest lecturers from industry and other land user groups will discuss the opportunities, constraints,and problems presented by multi-stakeholder approaches. Prerequisite: BIOL 203. Three credits and lab.

411 - Evolutionary Developmental Biology 
This course is a contemporary discipline that examines the interplay between how organisms reproduce and how they evolve. This course explores several themes, including (i) how natural selection acts on development, (ii) whether development constrains evolution, (iii) developmental mechanisms of evolutionary change, (iv) environmental regulation of development and (v) developmental genetics. Prerequisite: BIOL 302 or 335 or permission of instructor. Three credits.

416 - Immunology 
This course provides an overview of human innate and acquired immune responses. Development of inflammation, vaccine protection, specific aspects of cancer immunology as well as immunopathology in relation to allergy, and selected autoimmune diseases will be addressed. Prerequisite: Biology 315

417 - Microbial Pathogenics
This course provides a general overview of a human host’s defense mechanisms, including immune and inflammatory responses, and describes the pathogenic interactions between humans and different types of microbes with an emphasis on bacterial pathogens. Credit will be granted for only one of BIOL 417 and BIOL 416 or BIOL 419. Prerequisites: BIOL 201, 204, 315. Three credits and tutorial. Not offered 2018-2019.

419 - Microbial Pathogenics 
This course explores host-pathogen interactions at the cell and molecular level, describing various strategies bacteria, virus, parasites, and fungi use to evade human defenses and establish a disease state. Prerequisite: Biology 416

452 - Bioinformatics (not offered 2018-2019)
Biology is now in the digital age. DNA and protein sequences are accumulating at an exponential rate. Bioinformatics uses computers to archive, organize, retrieve and analyze biological information. This course will focus on how data are generated, accessed and managed, how to retrieve particular types of data and what some of the end users of these data are. No computing background required. Prerequisite: BIOL 317 or permission of the instructor. Three credits.

453 - Advanced Bahavioral Neuroscience I: Neurobiology of Psychological Disorders

Topics in the field of behavioural neuroscience will be considered. The precise topics covered in the seminar will change from year to year, however te focus of the course content will be on various aspects of the behavioural neuroscience, including, but not limited to the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of enurological disorders broadly defined. Credit will be granted for only one of BIOL 453 or BIOL 450. Cross-listed as PSYC 431. Three credits. (Offered 2018-2019 and in alternate years.)

454 - Advanced Behavioral Neuroscience II
This is a seminar course in which current topics in the field of behavioural neuroscience are considered. Credit will be granted for only one of BIOL 454 or BIOL 450. Cross-listed as PSYC 432; Three credits.

468 - Restoration Ecology (not offered 2018-2019)
Examines the contributions of prokaryotes to the biogeochemical cycling of elements; and to the development of soils, microbial mats and stromatolites, bog metal deposits and acid drainage. Topics also include some of the more unusual prokaryotes such as the ecto- and endosymbionts of marine organisms, photosynthetic and StFX 2016-2017 Biology / Business Administration 39 bioluminescent bacteria. Labs examine microbial ecosystem development and diversity. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 315. Three credits and lab.

472 - Freshwater Ecology

A study of the structure of freshwater ecosystemsand how aquatic communities are shaped by the unique physical and chemical poperties of flowing and standing fresh waters. Field trips to local streams and lakes illustrate the distribution and adaptations of freshwater organisms, while providing hands-on experience with limnological methods. Presquisites: BIOL 201, 202, 203. Three credits and lab.

474 - Environmental Biology of Soils

An introduction to the diversity of soil organisms and their roles in ecosystem processes. The nature of soil as habitat for bacteria, fungi, and animals, and the connections between soil and the eaboveground environment will be considered along with the role of soils and soil organisms in decomposition, nutrient cycling, plant nutrition and ecosystem succession. Students must complete a semester-long lab project. Prequisite: BIOL 203. Three credits and lab. (Offered 2018-2019 and in alternate years.)

475 - Accessing the Biological Literature
Library resources and on-line databases will be used to write an essay relevant to the honours student’s interest or thesis. Restricted to honours students. Three credits.

481 - Selected Topics

484 - Animal Behaviour
An introduction to the principles of ethology drawing on examples from all animal phyla, with an emphasis on vertebrates. Students learn both the physiological and evolutionary bases of behaviour. Topics covered will span simple reflexes through complex social behaviours, including survival, predation, habitat selection, communication, and mating behaviours. Participation in field trips is required. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 or PSYC 230. Three credits and lab. Not offered 2018-2019.

491 - Senior Seminar
Seminars on topics of major biological interest are presented by faculty members and visiting scientists. This course is required of all biology advanced majors and honours students in their final year of study. No credit.

493 - Honours Thesis
For details, see the department website or the Chair. Honours students must identify a faculty member who will act as a thesis advisor before March 15 of their third year. Three credits.

499 - Directed Studies
Students with an average of at least 75 % may, on a tutorial basis under the guidance of a professor, pursue an area of interest not normally offered by the department. Three credits and seminar.