200 Level

201 - Animal Biology
An introduction to major groups of animals, emphasizing the structure, physiology and way of life of certain species. Prerequisites: an average of 55 in BIOL 111, 112 for biology majors, advanced majors or honours students. Three credits and lab.

202 - Plant Biology
An introduction to the diversity, form and function of plants emphasizing the biology of land plants. Organisms are treated from the perspectives of evolution, reproduction, physiology, and ecology. Prerequisites: an average of 55 in BIOL 111, 112 for biology majors, advanced majors or honours students. Three credits and lab.

203 - Introductory Ecology
An introduction to the fundamental concepts of ecology, exploring how organisms interact with their environment and with each other, at the levels of populations, communities and entire ecosystems. Interactions from competition to food chains are considered from an evolutionary perspective recognizing the role of the physical environment and humanity. Prerequisites: an average of 55 in BIOL 111, 112 for biology majors, advanced majors or honours students. Three credits and lab.

204 - Introductory Genetics
An introduction to the mechanisms of inheritance, genome structure, and genetic analysis. Concepts include: DNA structure and function; gene regulation, mutation, repair, linkage; gene manipulation. Laboratory involves problem solving and genetic crosses with fruit flies. Prerequisites: an average of 55 in BIOL 111, 112 for biology majors, advanced majors or honours students. Three credits and lab.

215 - Microbiology for Human Nutrition
An introduction to microorganisms from a human health perspective, that focuses on immunological concepts, viruses, bacteria and fungi. Laboratories cover basic microbiological techniques and tutorials cover applications from a health perspective to communicable disease control, infection control, food and water quality, and food hygiene. Credit will be granted for only one of BIOL 215 or BIOL 115. Restricted to Human Nutrition students and Human Kinetics students with Nutrition minor. Prerequisites: BIOL 111 and CHEM 100 or 120. Three credits and lab/tutorial.

220 - Biological Perspective of Health and Environmental Issues
This course is for non-science students. The course deals with how scientific principles are established. Topics include evolution and diversity, ecology and food, human evolution and population, diabetes, homeostasis, HIV and vaccines, antibiotic resistance, and cancer. Offered through distance education. Acceptable for credit only in the Faculties of Arts and Business and as an open elective in the B.Sc. Nursing. Credit will be granted for only one of BIOL 220 or BIOL 221/222. Six credits.

221 - Issues in Resource Management
This course introduces the basic science necessary to understand current resource issues such as forestry and wildlife management with the goal of understanding resource decision making, and how human activities can alter terrestrial ecosystems. Credit will be granted for only one of BIOL 221 or BIOL 220. Prerequisite: BIOL 112 or upper-year status in non-science programs. Cannot be used as science A for biology students. Three credits.

251 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I
An integrated approach to the study of the anatomy and physiology of the following: the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous and endocrine systems. The course provides students with a comprehensive working knowledge of the anatomic and physiologic aspects of these systems Required for students in human kinetics, human nutrition and nursing; other students may be permitted depending on space availability and permission of instructor. Credit may be granted for only one of BIOL 251 and 304. Three credits and lab.

252 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II
An integrated approach to the study of the anatomy and physiology of the following: cardiovascular, respiratory, immune, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. The course provides students with a comprehensive working knowledge of the anatomic and physiologic aspects of these systems. Required for students in human kinetics, human nutrition and nursing; other students may be permitted depending on space availability and permission of instructor. Credit may be granted for only one of BIOL 252 or BIOL 304. Prerequisite: BIOL 251. Three credits and lab.

285 - Paleontology: The History of Life